Finnish Stitch 1+2 (Mammen Stitch)
Mammen Stitch (Denmark), Korgen Stitch (Norway)
UOO/UUOO F1 or F2
Video links below photo
|Finnish Stitch 1+2 (under 1, over 2)
Follow the loop on the far right clockwise:
under-over-over - direction of yarn changes - under-under-over-over
Video (linki) - includes how to start and make the first loops; joining a chain of stitches to a circle; second row and connection stitches (F1/F2); using thin yarn and tensioning the stitches onto the needle; how to make a round start; voiceover both in English and Finnish.
|Finnish Stitch 1+2 (Mammen Stitch)
- includes only the stitch itself.
You can read more about the
Finnish Stitch Family on page Stitch Grouping by Toini-Inkeri Kaukonen (link).
In Finland this stitch type has been used at least in Savitaipale (Kaukonen, 1960), for thin church mittens. In the NBA ethnological collections there's also a sample made with stitch, 9616:6.
An older find is from Kaukola Kekomäki (from Carelian Isthmus; area belongs to Russian since 1940), (photo; page 27, photo 12) two pieces in striped, three-coloured nalbinding (about 1200 CE) in which the stitch is the Finnish Stitch 1+2, but the connection stitch is different (M1).
A man's grave was found in 1868 in Denmark, at Mammen (link). The man was buried in winter 970-971 CE, wearing expensive costume, with decorations including among other things tablet woven bands, and nalbinding with silver and gold threads. In the original Danish website word 'nålebinding' (nalbinding) is used, but in the English version they use word 'crocheting'.
Based on this Danish find in Mammen, this stitch type is commonly known by the name Mammen Stitch (F2), but also name Korgen Stitch is used. (In one of his booklets, Larry Schmitt introduced this stitch type (UOO/UUOO) with connection stitch F1, and named it Korgen Stitch.)
This stitch was used in Egypt already about 400-600 CE (photo1, photo2 at the bottom of the page, click larger, photo3 + diagrams 12-14 (illustrated from the reverse side). A pair of mittens from Schleswig (Germany) from 14th-16th century (photo).